At Harper Eye Care, we offer Kernersville and the surrounding area the latest in Comprehensive Vision Management through cutting edge technology and Superiorly Advanced Ophthalmic equipment. Whether you have diabetes, glaucoma, cataracts, wear contacts, or just need a new pair of glasses, we can help. We see patients of all ages from Pediatrics to Adults. Comprehensive Exams are what we are all about. Spending time with our patients is important because thorough evaluation of the eye can help assist in determining the overall health of the body.
Periodic eye and vision examinations are an important part of preventive health care. Many eye and vision problems have no obvious signs or symptoms, so you might not know a problem exists. Early diagnosis and treatment of eye and vision problems can help prevent vision loss.
A comprehensive eye and vision examination may include, but is not limited to, the following tests.
Patient History: The doctor will ask about any eye or vision problems you are currently having and about your overall health. In addition, a patient history will include when your eye or vision symptoms began, medications you are taking, and any work-related or environmental conditions that may be affecting your vision. The doctor will also ask about any previous eye or health conditions you and your family members have experienced.
Visual Acuity: Visual acuity measurements evaluate how clearly each eye is seeing. Reading charts are often used to measure visual acuity. As part of the testing, you will read letters on charts at a distance and near.
The results of visual acuity testing are written as a fraction, such as 20/40. The top number in the fraction is the standard distance at which testing is done (20 feet). The bottom number is the smallest letter size you were able to read. A person with 20/40 visual acuity would have to get within 20 feet to see a letter that should be seen clearly at 40 feet. Normal distance visual acuity is 20/20.
Preliminary Tests: Preliminary tests help to look at specific aspects of your visual function and eye health. Preliminary tests can include evaluations of depth perception, color vision, eye muscle movements, peripheral or side vision, and the way your pupils respond to light.
Refraction: Refraction determines the lens power you need to compensate for any refractive error (nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism). Using an instrument called a phoropter, a series of lenses are placed in front of your eyes to measure how these lenses focus light using a handheld lighted instrument called a retinoscope. The lens power is then refined based on your input on the lenses that give you the clearest vision.
This testing can be done without eye drops to determine how the eyes respond under normal seeing conditions. However, drops may be used with patients who can’t respond verbally or when some of the eyes’ focusing power may be hidden. The drops temporarily keep the eyes from changing focus during testing.
Eye Focusing, Eye Teaming, and Eye Movement Testing: To see a clear, single image, the eyes must effectively change focus, move and work in unison. An assessment of accommodation, ocular motility and binocular vision determines how well your eyes focus, move and work together. This testing will look for problems that keep your eyes from focusing effectively or make using both eyes together difficult.
Supplemental Testing: Additional testing may be needed based on the results of the previous tests to confirm or rule out possible problems, to clarify uncertain findings, or to provide a more in-depth assessment.
Other comprehensive services we offer include but are not limited to:
Contact Lens Evaluation and Fitting
Emergency Eye Care including Foreign Body Removal
Pediatric Vision Therapy
Laser Vision (LASIK) Consultation & Co-Management
Glaucoma Treatment & Management
Macular Degeneration Treatment & Co-Management
Cataract Treatment and Co-Management
Dry Eye and Pink Eye Treatment
Diabetic Eye Exams
For more information on any of these services listed above, or for more information on Optometry, we invite you to visit the American Optometric Association by clicking on their logo below.